Windows Server 2016 and 2012 R2 - Full Backups Partial Backups Active Directory System State Bacups And Restore
A good backup system is essential in a server environment. This video shows you how to setup Windows Server Backup feature with a backup schedule. You should see how to do full and partial backups and system state Active Directory backups too. Full restore methods should show you how to do an Authoritative or non-authoritative Active Directory restore.
You should also see a tip on how to do system state backups using VMware.
Please watch the video to see the above (to translate, click the Subtitle box in the YouTube video and then click Settings and language, as in this picture):
Transcript (machine generated so it contains errors)
Hello and thank you for coming to this video in this video we should show you basically how to backup windows server a full backup also adjusts a system state which gives you active directory restore ability am also how to restore them. So the backup and restore of full version and also just for active directory because that requires a slightly different way to restore and we should show you the full steps you get to server manager, open up that's straightforward, go to features which is after roles like a serious go next and then features make sure you select windows server backup, which is over here as a straightforward being. All of those adjusts install and will finish in a few seconds ago that finished so now all we need to do is just a block, and when this opens up. It's like that, then yes, click on local backup as you can see we haven't set up any backup schedules that the concept behind this is you can do a full backup every time and you can set it every half an hour, except Robison time schedule either.
Maybe just once a day. If you're not busy or if you're doing a lot of changes on a computer and you need backups for us security for your own peace of mind okay contains a now when you do a back up the matter which version you choose. Okay, the steps are straightforward. Or custom okay arm. I would suggest full and the reason why is okay for us. This is a surly demo machines is only using up 16.24 gigs okay. You might have a 1 TB when you do. With incremental backup settings. What happens is the first time. Yes, let's assume it's a 1 TB hard disk backing up like a or hard disks, and that will backup and then once that is done, you then basically only do changes. Whatever changes are being made only those are being backed up so it's a lot of time and space is being saved, so I would go the full and using the full you can restore your DNS your active directory. Other system settings et cetera as well. Okay if you are using a virtual machine. Okay, like for example, VMware, you will find that the custom setting which most people choose to do a system state account which restorers active directory that does on our machine comes out roughly a 10 gig. I guess there's not much of a difference. Okay between the system state and a full server backup on a empty system. Literally. I guess that's those points I would go with full server and then click next and man you can choose times for example, the given you a 9 PM at night okay when assuming nobody is around pleasant, quiet. If you're making lots of changes during the day and have lots and lots of different settings are growling at 10 AM, then made again 12 lunchtime and then to for even more. It's entirely up to you what settings you want to do the next thing you need to consider is if you are doing it to a hardness this dedicated drive okay is basically set up only for backups because it will actually format the drive and take control of it. So that's the first thing you need to think of you can obviously back up to a folder within a drive, et cetera, but that as they say over year can be a little bit slower, or 200% slower.
Okay, so were backing up to a drive and will just go forward and show you how that works, and as you can see, once you click next. Basically gets all available disk were using for this demo purposes. A virtual system so you getting a virtual drive okay and then there we go. It will tell you do what I remove this volume from the backups and the point of this is basically, you will be backing up your backup drive like duplication of the duplication which so yes, you click okay, and this is is basically telling you it will be reformatted to make sure the strike doesn't have any data on it that you need a video, make sure everything is transferred and then click yes. Okay fullbackup gives you your system state recovery before work okay, so format the disc create the schedule and that's all done and now we just leave this and basically the next time it comes up okay for example, to be Emma whatever
will automatically do a full backup and afterwards it will go into incremental and how do we do incremental basically, click on this if you like a lively go half-and-half you can delay for example, your C drive is a full backup, unify only incremental. Other drives incremental, et cetera like a wilderness, click faster backup performance as nice and happy. That gives us an incremental version, and with the screen, the backup once. For now, just show you how it gets and what should be happening, so use the schedule backup options. You cannot use different options because you set the schedule. If you haven't then you can use different options are the show you what is different options would look like. Okay, we got a custom and then click next and then choose what you want to use one system state to do bare metal, you pretty much get the full thing you start moving things et cetera okay Cisco back previous next and then backup now it'll take some time. What does happen and will just say whilst this thing is going to it. If you are on a virtual system like VMware. You will have to uninstall the writer okay, and that's the last thing in life will show you might as well because this will be quite useful for many people a talus go Control Panel and on a solar program. If you are in the VMware tools. If you have this installed, you will have problems recovering just system state unless you actually want change it, you will have problems. If you do not do the setting because you will never be allowed to do this, a partial recovery. It will let you stop you coming up with an error at the end to modify it with a showing you what we got we got rid of virtual printing with us because you are using it, but this one over year. This Wi MCI, you need to make sure that is entire feature will be unavailable. Otherwise you will not be able to do active directory system state restore on it, so you have to do a full recovery. Every time you do need to do recovery. Okay, so does make sure the…
Can select your and finish. We will just quickly go back here as you can see it does take time because were using virtual machines and extra demo purposes only, so we shall return to you once this is completely finished hundred percent okay am about finishes this click close and you have that now, we'll show you if we were to do the backup once the difference that was about 14, gave a countless same steps again, the script backup a and this time round, all it was with hundred 40 MB. Okay, which is a big difference compared to 14 gig. Okay, so all it does is it will take the time to check what's been changed on a computer and then in the full, incremental backup of what the changes were a let's now talk through your recovery options is assume you got lost the backups. One day, things go wrong in the active directory gets messed are poor the DNS or mini the entire system so from within Windows okay if you tried recovering okay. You can choose the days assume you had previous Daisy to that day and what time et cetera we have only done it for this demo. These two backups. Okay, and choose whatever time that you believe is the correct time go back to and from within windows server okay all the options you have are you can backup, shall we say files and folders. Certain files and folders. Okay, seven volumes, applications, system state. You cannot say is where you could run in the backup directory. For example, an elderly an example of what goes wrong. Let's assume that click next. It tells you no longer need to use the restore mode option, so if you did at some point need to recover more than that. Like for example, active directory or your entire server we shall have to do boot up and I would suggest booting up using the windows server DVD, USB version of it. Whatever you have okay or network boot up and go into repair, so we shall talk you through a full restore using the boot up and sold us close all these things down and restart into the windows DVD, so we built up over here like normal is the normal install screen, go ahead as a install. We click repair computer and then and it is troubleshoot system image recovery, and then it's the server and it will find all backups. Okay, you can select a certain date. For example, if you have multiple multiple dates will show you what it looks like we only have this one date, but the good news is you go forward and will give you the specific times with that as well. We had previous state would give the full thing, so you occurred.
For example, the latest one was that less, just click next and then you can form and repartition the deaths and it will do that in to a complete wipe and then restore the computer that's up to you. Keep think this virus something affecting computer then click finish. Once you click finish. It basically goes on. It takes whatever time to restore read and once a starlet restart the computer and then boots back into what should be a normal version of windows and that's fine, so back into windows server and let's assume we just want to do a system state restore, which includes active directory and do it using this method. Okay, so back into windows server and for us to do an active directory restore them to that restore mode. What we need to do is, here, type msconfig okay get the system configuration. You can find this in computer management in windows administration over there okay boot safe boot and active directory repair. If your server is a secondary arm, shall we say, active directory domain, you will not get this option if you're not being able to click on the safe mode, you know what the issue is okay. So that's that and then click okay and then restart okay. The key thing is here. When you are doing an active deck directory restore your lot logging in under the domain. For example, has the get this error when you need to do is the computer's name okay in this case, we just call the sky backup\and then a user that has the permissions to basically do an active directory restore domain controller and server et cetera and the password that you use is the password that you used to basically set up active directory, you might remember when it went through it asks you for restore password, you might think using the administrator so it should be a different password. If you have different passwords for both, but it actually works. Okay, so you need to use that password not using your administrator. Okay, and as you can see, literally, you all start have safe mode written all over it, and it will select server manager who doesn't obviously, just click on ServerManager you will get a lot of red errors.
Okay, that's because is booting up into the special safe mode and a lot of services do not get activated or switched on so what you do, here still windows server backup, so you can have you can use partial if you want to that's perfectly fine. Were doing a degree way graphical user interface and then recover next, choose which backup you want with active directory. There are some key points that you need to remember okay for this back bad in active directory restore with others caching et cetera is about seven because arm and mother issue think about is if you're doing multiple multiple changes during each day and even though without every couple of hours you do an even every 30 minutes. For example, if anything is changed from that will last backup point, you will lose it, so hopefully okay, you will have other Calais systems also in place to mitigate the loss if you're doing it every 30 minutes. Hopefully you have some system in place to collide mitigate what happened with the last 30 minutes. Okay, so now you can do a system state go forward. If this is the primary domain controller. Okay, you would want to make it as an authoritative restore. If you have other active directory servers with in the shall we say forest and they have maybe a more up-to-date version of active directory, so this will bring you to service in the last 30 minutes back and other active directory servers can then feed into this and basically you will then get a complete, up-to-date version, so if you don't click authoritative restore your allowing other servers to car like help this bill the backup if you don't have other servers then you are clicking authoritative restore.
Okay, so that's that get us there a message recover system state, just remember this okay. Am do you Wanna continue. In this case will click yet to basically what it does, it should go all the way, if you are having issues with stops at this point that in the last two not initialising okay and you get an error message coming up is basing his of your virtual machine settings. It just recovers active directory will then restart the computer. If you have kickboxing you haven't little problem are you saying restart when you do need to do before the restart and it is important you do need to go to Windows administrative tools, and once there, click on system configuration and you need to undertake safe mode. Otherwise, it is keep putting up the safe as this is still going on what you would need to ensure we click okay, except without restart and was restart in the middle of this process and literally your system will be in a pretty unstable state as mentioned all that happens is this quite boring okay go through all of this. It recovers all the stuff and then restarts and hopefully you're back to normal so hopefully as the US helped. Thank you for watching
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